Whiskey for the Wyandot Indians, February 26, 1794

Dublin Core

Creator

Lewis, T.

Date

1794-02-26

Document Item Type Metadata

Original Format

Autograph Document Signed

Author

T. Lewis

Location of Author

Greenville [Ohio]

Recipient

[unnamed] Quartermaster

Text

Greenville, February 26, 1794/
The Quarter Master will issue three gallons and/one pint of Whiskey to the Wyandot Indians at/this place./
[signed] T. Lewis Aid de camp/
[underscore]/
3 1/2 Gallons 200 Rations/
[underscore]

Location of Original

[1] Formerly, J. Scott Winslow Associates, Inc. Auction: December 16, 2006, lot 35.

Publication

[1] http://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/2893602

Analysis

"In 1794, at Fallen Timbers the Wyandot Indians were crushed by an attack by General Anthony Wayne. The only Wyandot chief to survive the bloodbath was Tarhe, or Crane, but the Wyandot squaws and noncombatants had been removed to the safety of Sandusky Bay before the battle. An excellent diplomat as well as a superb soldier, Wayne was able to convince the Indians that it was to their advantage to agree to a treaty with the United States. On August 3, 1795, the Ohio chiefs signed the Treaty of Greenville, whereby the Indians surrendered their claims to 2/3 of the territory encompassed by the future state of Ohio.

Gen. Wayne, as evidence of this document, wished to have made terms of peace, on the principle of the Government to arrest bloodshed, but the Indians were rendered cruelly intent on war by an addition of a body of British militia from Detroit, and by regulars stationed at a fort they had built on the left bank of the river, below the rapids, called Fort Miami. The "Fallen Timber " ground was selected as the field for a battle by the savages, in the expectation that the trees cast down by a tornado and there remaining, would seriously impede American progress.

It proved fatally wrong. Perhaps it was the Whiskey. 8" x 3½". Fine" [http://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/2893602]

Files

Citation

Lewis, T., “Whiskey for the Wyandot Indians, February 26, 1794,” Wyandot History: A Guide to Original Sources and Current Scholarship, accessed December 11, 2017, http://wyandothistory.com/index.html/items/show/55.

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